Varicose veins typically appear twisted and ropelike, protruding above the surface of the skin. These blue or purple veins are cosmetic concerns for most people. However, there are a number of important reasons for a patient to seek varicose vein treatment in order to get rid of these unwanted blood vessels.
OverviewAs many as 60 percent of Americans suffer from varicose veins, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. These abnormal vessels most often develop in the legs and the feet when one-way valves in veins weaken. This causes blood to leak backward and collect in veins instead of moving upward toward the heart. The resulting stretched vessel is a varicose vein. There are many risk factors for developing these atypical vessels. The most common include:
- Being female vs. male
- Various types of hormonal changes, including pregnancy
- Standing for extended periods
- Carrying excess weight
- Circulatory problems between veins and arteries
- Specific diseases or injuries
Varicose Vein IssuesIn addition to a varicose vein’s unattractive appearance, patients who see Florida vein doctors might experience a range of other symptoms:
- Legs that ache or feel heavy, sore, or tender
- A burning sensation in the lower legs
- Swollen feet or ankles, particularly after standing
- Noticeable skin breaks
- Itching around a vein
- Skin ulcers in the vicinity of the ankle
- Skin ulcers that form close to varicose veins, particularly near an ankle, can be very painful and might be preceded by a discolored spot on a patient’s skin. They are the result of higher-than-normal blood pressure within the veins affected. It is necessary to see a physician right away if a patient suspects an ulcer.
- Blood clots might occur when deep leg veins become enlarged vessels. Significant swelling is common. Sudden leg swelling is an indicator of a clot and warrants urgent medical care.
- Bleeding might occur when a vein close to the skin bursts. It also requires medical attention.